Brave New World

Key points

  • Brave New World is a science fiction novel written by Aldous Huxley in 1931. The title of the book was taken from Miranda's speech in Shakespeare's The Tempest.
  • The novel depicts a futuristic world driven by technological and scientific advancements.
  • The citizens of Brave New World have sacrificed their individuality and freedom in exchange for permanent and artificially induced happiness.
  • The book is an example of a dystopian novel. A dystopia is a world or society that is controlled and repressed, often under the guise of being a utopia.
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Brave New World

Main characters

The novel's main characters include:

  • John (the Savage)
  • Bernard Marx
  • Helmholtz Watson
  • Lenina Crowne
  • Mustapha Mond
  • Linda
  • Thomas (the Director).

Things to consider

  • In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, set in London, there is one global government. He depicts a society that has been dehumanised through an over-reliance on science and misuse of technology.
  • People are born into a class system as a result of test tube technology. The government controls their development by manipulating embryos to retard or stimulate their growth.
  • The people of Brave New World have surrendered all forms of freedom, individuality, personality and emotion in exchange for an artificial sense of community and stability.
  • There is an absence of spirituality and family, instead the characters of Brave New World are conditioned to pursue happiness and contentment through consumption, promiscuity and drug-use.
  • In contrast, ‘uncivilised' primitive people, who believe in religion and marriage, live on the Savage Reservation, where disease and wild animals are also present.

Video: The Banned Book project - Brave New World

More information


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