In 79 AD Mt Vesuvius erupted and buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in pumice and ash for over 1,500 years.
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and is home to some of the world's most significant and recognisable structures, including the Great Sphinx and the Giza pyramid.
World War 1 started mid 1914 and ended 11 November 1918.
The discovery of gold in California in 1848 led to the California gold rush which many Australians went and joined.
For the first few decades of life in Australia, most of the inhabitants were either convicts, or the troops who had brought them here.
World War II started in 1939 and went on to become the deadliest conflict in history.
When European sailors began entering ‘Australian' waters in the early 1600s, they called it Terra Australis Incognita (unknown land of the South).
It was sheer determination, curiosity and a quest for adventure that led Australian explorers to understand and map the interior of Australia, sometimes at their peril.
Find out about the history of Aboriginal people, who have been living continuously in Australia for more than 50,000 years.