Australia and World War II
- World War II started when Great Britain declared war on Germany in 1939. It ended in 1945.
- The war was fought between the Allied Nations (a group of countries that included Great Britain, the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand) against the Axis powers – spearheaded by Germany, Italy and Japan.
- Almost one million Australians were involved in World War II.
- The Australian mainland came under direct military attack for the first time.
- World War II was the deadliest conflict in history.
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History: Some significant dates and events
Fellow Australians, it is my melancholy duty to inform you officially, that in consequence of a persistence by Germany in her invasion of Poland, Great Britain has declared war upon her and that, as a result, Australia is also at war. No harder task can fall to the lot of a democratic leader than to make such an announcement. 3 September 1939
- On 3 September 1939, Great Britain declared war on Germany after it invaded Poland. France and most British Empire and Commonwealth nations, including Australia, also declared war on Germany.
- In 1940, Italy joined Germany in the war and invaded France. Later that year Germany established the Auschwitz concentration camp where it is estimated more than one million people – mainly Jews – were killed. By the end of World War II, it is estimated six million Jewish people were murdered as a result of the Holocaust, a systematic program of state-sponsored genocide.
- Germany, Italy and Japan signed a tripartite agreement in 1940.
- At the height of the war the conflict had spread throughout Europe, the Mediterranean, Northern Africa and the Asia-Pacific region.
- Between 1942 and 1943, Japan conducted air raids on Northern Australia, bombing Darwin and Broome, and used to attack Sydney harbour.
- On 6 June 1944, known as D-Day, the Allied forces landed at Normandy as part of an operation to liberate Europe.
- Germany surrendered to Allied forces on May 1945, following Germany's leader Adolf Hitler's suicide days earlier on 30 April.
- During August 1945 the United States dropped nuclear bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, with estimates of 250,000 people killed.
- On 15 August 1945 Japan surrendered, bringing to an end a war that killed between 50 and 80 million people, including almost 40,000 Australian military personnel.
- BBC History: World War II
- Australia's War 1939-1945
- War is declared - Australian Prime Minister Gordon Menzies announces Australia is at war (audio file)
- Australian War Memorial: Second World War
- The Japanese bombing of Darwin and northern Australia
- National Archives of Australia: Conflicts
- Women in action - nurses and serving women
- Defence honours and awards
- War is over - Australian Prime Minister Ben Chifley announces the war is over (audio file)
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Doing it by the book
As a parent it's only natural to want to help your child, but when it comes to homework and study, the completed work should be theirs.
Here are some important points to remember to ensure your child is following good practice for a lifetime of learning.