Korean language and culture

Key points

  • Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea. Up to 80 million people speak Korean worldwide.
  • South Korea has around 50 million speakers, while North Korea has around 23 million.
  • South Korea's capital city on the Han River has over 10 million people and a history dating back to 18 BC.   
  • Hangeul is the official writing system used by Koreans and was invented by King Sejong. It is a phonetic writing system with 40 characters.
  • Hanbok (South Korea) or Choson-ot (North Korea) is the traditional Korean dress.
  • Side dishes are a feature of Korean food. They include soup, kimchi, sauces and various dishes made from meat, seafood and vegetables.
  • The earliest objects of Korean art are Stone Age works from 3000 BC.
  • School A to Z features links to third-party websites and resources. We are not responsible for the content of external sites.

Korean soup and side dishes


More information


This site uses Google Translate, a free language translation service, as an aid. Please note translation accuracy will vary across languages.

Doing it by the book

As a parent it's only natural to want to help your child, but when it comes to homework and study, the completed work should be theirs.

Here are some important points to remember to ensure your child is following good practice for a lifetime of learning.