Korean language and culture

Key points

  • Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea. Up to 80 million people speak Korean worldwide.
  • South Korea has around 50 million speakers, while North Korea has around 23 million.
  • South Korea's capital city on the Han River has over 10 million people and a history dating back to 18 BC.   
  • Hangeul is the official writing system used by Koreans and was invented by King Sejong. It is a phonetic writing system with 40 characters.
  • Hanbok (South Korea) or Choson-ot (North Korea) is the traditional Korean dress.
  • Side dishes are a feature of Korean food. They include soup, kimchi, sauces and various dishes made from meat, seafood and vegetables.
  • The earliest objects of Korean art are Stone Age works from 3000 BC.
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Korean soup and side dishes

 



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