Key points

  • Plants are living organisms and include trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae.
  • The scientific study of plants is known as botany.
  • All plants are classified and have scientific names.
  • A plant's scientific name is the key to finding out all sorts of information about that plant species.
  • Plants have a life cycle.
  • Plants have the ability to adapt to their environment.
  • Australia has many unique plants.
  • School A to Z features links to third-party websites and resources. We are not responsible for the content of external sites.

Australian Banksia - Bottle Brush


  • The traditional ways of classifying plants have been based on the visible physical characterists of the plant. With DNA technologies, now scientists also use genetic characteristics to classify plants.
  • The scientific names of plants tell us something about the plant.

Growth and change 

Life cycle




  • Plant glossary.
  • Ask a scientist - check out answers given to school children at the Sydney Royal Botanic Gardens.
  • Visit Botany Bay- the large area of water was given the name by Captain James Cook because of the large number of plants discovered there by Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, scientists on his voyage to Australia.
  • Watch this National Geographic video on plants.

More information


This site uses Google Translate, a free language translation service, as an aid. Please note translation accuracy will vary across languages.

Doing it by the book

As a parent it's only natural to want to help your child, but when it comes to homework and study, the completed work should be theirs.

Here are some important points to remember to ensure your child is following good practice for a lifetime of learning.