Key points

  • Weather is the measurement of what is happening in the atmosphere at a particular time. It involves the sun and temperature, rain and humidity, wind direction and force

  • Climate is the expected weather based on the average weather in a particular place over many years.

  • The water cycle involves the sun heating the earth and the water in rivers, lakes and oceans. The water then evaporates into the atmosphere  and condenses into clouds. The water vapour in the clouds cools and then precipitates (or falls) as rain, snow, hail or sleet.

  • Aspects of weather such as temperature, rainfall, humidity, air pressure, wind direction and speed are measured using various instruments. The study of the weather is called meteorology.

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A cloudy sky with a rainbow.


More information


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Doing it by the book

As a parent it's only natural to want to help your child, but when it comes to homework and study, the completed work should be theirs.

Here are some important points to remember to ensure your child is following good practice for a lifetime of learning.